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Donkin on Sailing

March 2010 - Retro style boats 

It's black, it's powerful and it's fast with movie star looks and classic lines, modern in almost every respect and yet it wouldn't look out of place in Luccio Visconti's Venice , lending a brooding sense of menace to the city's lagoon. The C-Boat is the latest interpretation of a vogue for design that reflects retro styling without compromising on performance.

Classic styling in sailing and motor yachts has always enjoyed a select following but retro-appeal, evoking marks of the 20th century, from the J-Class yachts of the 1920s to the 1950s and 60s Italian flair of Riva motor boats, appears to be growing among a new generation of enthusiasts, designers and builders who are seeking to combine a sense of heritage with modern technologies.  

"I wanted something that was fast but it also had to look the part too and it had to be big enough for weekend trips with my girlfriend," says Jason Carrington, wedging himself behind the wheel of his C-Boat before we head across the Solent . "Hold on tight," he says, shifting the throttle as we motor alongside the shingle spit near Hurst Castle , overlooking the Isle of Wight . The boat lifts and surges ahead, its mirror-black prow trailing churning white foam as we bank in to a set of tight figure-of-eight turns, throwing up curtains of spray.

Carrington, a seasoned round-the-world sailor, who has project-managed and crewed entries in three Volvo and one Whitbread round-the-world campaigns, has turned his boat-building skills to power boats with this prototype that he believes has a promising future as a tender for some of the world's biggest superyachts.

"I've been getting strong interest in the superyacht market after taking the C-Boat to the Monaco boat show in September. The owners of these boats want something small enough to fit in their holds but stylish enough and practical to use when they're at anchor," he says.

For sale at ?500,000, it's not the cheapest power boat on the market but that's down to the materials. The boat is built in carbon throughout to save weight. It's only concession to tradition is the teak deck and the deeply cut bow that gives it its classic look.

"There seems to be a market for retro styles just now," he says, "not simply because such boats look right, but because there is a strong connection between classic lines and seaworthiness. Well made, well designed boats tend to look the part too."

His sentiments are echoed by Sean McMillan, co-owner and founder of Spirit Yachts, an Ipswich-based boat designer and builder. As the name suggests, Spirit Yachts look as if they belong to the age of F. Scott Fitzgerald, with their spoon-bows and tapered beams. The company makes motor boats too. On a shelf to the rear of McMillan's office is a model of one of his concepts ? a mahogany-hulled motor launch with a row of rakishly angled gleaming exhausts. "It should be good for 50 kts," he says.

McMillan doesn't like to think of his boats as replicas or retro, although he acknowledges their classic styling. "I'm interested in contemporary and beautiful boats and I don't think the two are mutually exclusive," he says. "I want to build boats of the best possible performance, using modern technology, hydro-dynamics and engineering. I simply don't accept that all modern boats have to be fat, white, ugly and plastic." He likens the broad-hulled modern production yachts to caravans in the way that their design concentrates on finding the maximum interior space to fit economically within a berth.

"We're interested in the new classics, in the way they look, the way they perform and the way they maintain residual value. The high fashion designs of today will date very quickly. This means that a modern yacht built only 10 or 15 years ago is already looking pretty dated and its residual value reflects that. In our boats speed is all about waterline length."

Clients for these kinds of yachts, he says, are found scattered all over the world. "Ordering a boat like this is not a simple decision. People think about it for a long time. We can be talking to someone for years before they take the plunge.

"Building a relationship with a prospective owner is important. The more input we get from them the better so that we can understand exactly what it is they want. Often people don't know themselves what they will do with a boat as they haven't thought about it too much."

The boats may look as if they were designed in the 1930s but they're built for speed. "We're building them half the weight of glass fibre, less weight than carbon fibre and we're building them from wood," says McMillan. The results are both eye-catching and practical, so much so that a Spirit yacht was used in the filming of Casino Royale, the James Bond movie.  

The company has grown its workforce gradually, often transferring skills from other disciplines. "You do need a highly skilled people to make these yachts. It has taken me 15 years to put this workforce together and they are absolutely superb. Without them the company would not be very special," he says.

The new-as-old appeal is now beginning to spread to superyachts. Neil Taylor, the London-born computer games entrepreneur, commissioned a Chinese shipyard to build Nero, a 90m-long motor yacht inspired by the series of Corsair superyachts owned by J P Morgan, the financier during the 1920s and 30s. Nero, available for charter through Burgess at between ?350,000 and ?420,000 a week, replicates the 1920s design right down to the smokestack that may look the part but in fact houses an emergency generator.

In the same vein Ray Catena, a US-based car dealer, has recently taken delivery of Sycara IV, a 1920s style fantail cruiser made by the Burger Boat Company. Not everything on Sycara is built with the same materials used in those earlier yachts. The bowsprit and mast may look like varnished wood but are made instead of carbon fibre and epoxy painted to look like wood. The mast is removable, allowing the boat to pass under low bridges.

Even Riva, the Italian boatbuilder, today builds its classically-styled Aquariva Super, using glass fibre, replacing the wood used in earlier models that made the mark famous. During the 1960, Rivas were the speedboat of choice for film stars such as Bridget Bardot, Sophia Loren and Peter Sellers, "They're great boats but I love to work on the older wooden models," says Peter Freebody, whose Berkshire-based boat-yard is one of the few British companies still building traditional wooden launches.

His slipper stern launches might not be the fastest boats on the water, but their varnished finish and sleek lines exude character. "I use a traditional design but I try to improve on them where I can," he says. He points to a replica of a slender slipper boat ? the original was built for Arthur Whittle Brown who in 1919 partnered John Alcock on the first transatlantic flight. "I've improved this one too. Whether Brown would have approved I'm not sure.

"We find that some of our customers live on lakes with moorings and want to have an attractive boat moored at the bottom of their gardens. But while our boats look the part we like to feel they work well too." He runs his hand across the decking of his latest creation. When I have a piece of wood I like to bring it to its end. I want to finish it well," he says

This joy in craftsmanship runs through all builders who remain wedded to classic designs. It infects the owners too. David Murrin, chief investment officer of the hedge fund, Emergent Asset Management and commodore of the British Classic Yacht Club, cannot imagine parting with his restored 1955 Bermudan sloop Cetewayo, but he says he understands owners who opt for modern builds on classic lines.

"Our club was founded just nine years ago and we had a long hard think about the modern classics. We think they resonate with traditional designs and welcome them in our membership and events. These will be classics of 50 years time, ensuring that our membership continues," he says.

One of the great advantages of owning a modern classic, he points out, is that it gives the owner access to the great classic regattas such as the Regates Royales de Cannes , and the Voiles D'Antibes . The growth in popularity for these events was confirmed recently when the watchmaker Officine Panerai, was named the sponsor of the BCYC regatta at Cowes this year (2010). This means that the Cowes regatta will be brought in to the Panerai Classic Yachts Challenge that runs each year between April and September.

Competing yachts are divided in to three categories: Vintage, launched before 1950; Classic, built between 1950 and 1975; and, lastly, Spirit of Tradition yachts built more recently to classic designs. Among these relatively new builds often entered in the spirit class are Eleonora, built in 2000, an exact replica of the 1910 schooner, Westward; and Savannah, a 1996-built modern classic sloop inspired by the J-Class boats that competed in the great pre-war years of the America's Cup.

Hugh Morrison, owner of Savannah , emphasises the advanced technology used on modern classics. He often sails on her with just his girlfriend, the fashion designer Amanda Walkley, on board. "It doesn't take a whole lot of effort to sail her," he says. "She's a baby J, basically, 30 metres long, made of Kevlar and E-glass (a type pf glass-fibre) with a carbon mast, but you wouldn't know it. We have a bath, we have a wood-burning stove and a dining table but with all that this yacht is fast. These modern classics go like stink. They carry big sail plans and because of their carbon rigs they are relatively light."

"The real appeal of these yachts is that you have ultra-efficient water makers, electronics and power winches. A friend of mine restored an 1895 classic ketch and raced that with 24 people on deck pulling ropes. With Savannah we can sail her with maybe five or six. In terms of logistics and ease its much simpler to have this kind of yacht and she's built to last a hundred years."  

The J-Class itself is undergoing a revival at the same time with a number of additions to the fleet under construction ? new boats built to original designs over 70 years old.

David Murrin believes there is little to match the classic sailing experience. "I was conceived on a wooden boat, brought up on one and bought a wooden boat before I bought a house. I truly love my classic boat.   It's a real experience to be on and around her. My soul is there. I think there is something about the economic cycle that is taking people back to value systems that reflect better times and the interest in classic boats and their modern interpretations is part of that."  


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