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Habitat. Male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour, and hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails. Common name: downy birch, hairy birch, moor birch, white birch, common white birch, European white birch. The downy birch has oval leaves that are rounded or triangular at the base. Downy birch is a pioneer tree. Female catkins, however, are green, a lot shorter and lay upright. Silver Birch Catkins, Betula Pendula, Betulaceae. Registered in England No. They are wind pollinated and have separate male and female flowers (catkins) on the same branch. In spring, the male catkins (or 'lamb's tails') turn yellow and shed their pollen, which is carried by the wind to the short, green, female catkins that appear on the same tree. Naturally regenerated birch (that grow from seeds fallen from trees) appears to be less prone to this disease. The male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. ... (catkin; slender, usually pendulous inflorescence with crowded unisexual flowers) Number of pistils 1 … Male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour, and hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs’ tails. Mature downy birch trees can reach up to 30m in height. ... Like silver birch, downy birch is a source of food for over 200 species of wildlife including several kinds of moth. It's an A-Z tree guide in your pocket. Male catkins typically from between April and May in groups of two to four. In April through May, the Downy Birch grows a flower called the Catkin. It is a deciduous tree growing to 10 to 20 m (33 to 66 ft) tall (rarely to 27 m), with a slender crown and a trunk up to 70 cm (28 in) (exceptionally 1 m) in diameter, with smooth but dull grey-white bark finely marked with dark horizontal lenticels. The male flowers of the Betulaceae are borne in long catkins, which once extended, become very noticeable. Its branches are elegant and droop to form a light canopy. The springtime flowers are catkins which stay on the tree and contain the mature seed by autumn. SC038885). Silver Birch catkins. Downy birch is more upright than silver birch and the bark is browner in colour with more obvious horizontal grooves and lacking the papery quality of the silver birch. Picture of a birch tree catkins on a natural brown background ID: DY1R05 (RF) Backlit Silver Birch Leaves and Catkins, (Betula pendula) in the golden Light of a Spring Evening. Around the world, it can grow further north than any other broadleaf species. Female … Often hybridizes with Silver Birch making identification tricky. Birch trees are particularly associated with specific fungi, including fly agaric, woolly milk cap, birch milk cap, birch brittlegill, birch knight, chanterelle and the birch polypore (razor strop).Woodpeckers and other hole-nesting birds often nest in the trunk, while the seeds are eaten by siskins, greenfinches and redpolls. The Woodland Trust and Woodland Trust Nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks. The downy birch produces its seeds very freely, and is, as a rule, one of the first trees to find its way back to deforested areas. 1st instar nymph of a birch shieldbug (Elasmostethus interstinctus) ... An adult birch shieldbug can be up to 11.5 mm in length, but the small downy birch aphid really does live up to (or rather, down to!) In Britain, the two main species of birch are Betula pendula (silver birch) and Betula pubescens (downy birch). Silver birch (Betula pendula) and the two easily hybridise. True to its species name, its twigs are covered in short, stiff hairs. its name as an adult reaches a maximum size of just 2mm. The bark is used for tanning leather and they use the sap for medical benefits. The leaves attract aphids, providing food for ladybirds and other species further up the food chain. The edge of the leaf is coarsely toothed. Ludwell Valley Park, Exeter, Devon, UK. The male catkins are formed in the autumn and will remain on the tree all winter – only opening in April or May. Like the grey birch in N. America, it is sometimes useful in affording shelter for young timber trees of better class. They have been here since the end of the last Ice Age, quickly moving into newly-exposed areas and colonising them with their wind-blown seeds. The fine hairs give the twigs a soft edge, especially when seen with the light behind them. Downy birch is the most commonly seen birch in Northern Ireland. ... Silver birch can easily be confused with the similar downy birch (Betula pubescens). Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide, Foraging for natural Christmas decorations, Top tips for an eco-friendly and sustainable Christmas. Silver Birch – Betula pendula. Silver Birch (Betula pendula), Downy birch (Betula pubescens). The Catkins grow to be six centimeters long. These may eventually overshadow the downy birch and replace it as the dominant tree. Downy Birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree. 1st instar nymphs of birch shieldbugs (Elasmostethus interstinctus) on the stem of a catkin on the birch tree. On a global scale, this tree, with its fuzzy leaf stalks, shoots and twigs, grows further north than any other broadleaf species. Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. Downy Birches are monoeciousmeaning that have both male and female catkins on the same tree. in height. GB520 6111 04. The flowers are catkins and the light, winged seed get widely scattered by the wind. It produces both male and female catkins on the same tree. The margins are coarsely and mainly singly toothed. Downy Birch shoots are covered in small downy hairs. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails. Leaves: Deciduous. Delivery is free. After successful pollination (by wind), female catkins thicken and change colour to a dark crimson. The Downy birch is a small, spindly tree with thin branches and papery bark. Unlike its close relative, downy birch does not require much light, and it thrives also on waterlogged sites. In between these teeth are smaller teeth. Silver birch is also monoecious. The female catkins, where the seeds develop, eventually disintegrate in September and October, releasing the seeds. The male catkins are formed in the autumn and will remain on the tree all winter – only opening in April or May. The silver birch has pointed, triangular leaves. That means it is one of the first trees to colonise new (or cleared) land. SILVER BIRCH BETULA. Female catkins are smaller, short, bright green and erect. Birch woods (which may include downy or silver birch, or both) have a light, open canopy, providing the perfect conditions for grasses, mosses, wood anemones, bluebells, wood sorrel and violets to grow.Downy birch provides food and habitat for more than 300 insect species. Downy birch Betula pubescensEhrh. Downy birch is tolerant of wet sites, but silver birch needs good drainage. It can be confused with the Downy Birch which grows in wetter, non-chalky areas. Areas of poor soil are quickly colonised by this tree. The male catkins are longer, hanging, and clustered, than the female ones which are shorter and more erect. They are also a food plant for the caterpillars of many moths, including the angle-shades, buff tip, pebble hook-tip, and Kentish glory. Leaf stalks are downy, as opposed to hairless on silver birch. This makes it possible for other, more demanding trees to move in. VAT No. The Birch's fruit season is September trough December. Downy birch, also known as white birch, is a very variable tree. The bark is waterproof and resistant to fungal attack. Masses of tiny seeds are borne in autumn – they have tiny ‘wings’ on each side of the seed to help them travel on the … The Woodland Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (No. Tough on the inside. Downy birch is a valuable tree for a whole host of wildlife. 7 – 8 foot trees. Downy birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree. The black arrows and diamonds of the bark distinguish this birch from many others varieties of ornamental birch that are planted in urban areas. The leaf has teeth (shown by the arrows) that stick out and bend down towards the leaf tip. It was used to make bobbins, spools and reels for the Lancashire cotton industry; and herbal medicines were made from different parts of the tree. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots and are also known as lambs' tails. Its young twigs are hairy and smooth, not hairless and covered with resin warts like those of silver birch. Male catkins are 4-5cm long and yellow-brown in colour. A plethora of wildlife reaps the benefits of downy birch. Ovate, pointed and with serrated margins. The leavesare ovate-acute, 2 to 5 cm (0.8 to 2.0 in) long and 1.5 to 4.5 cm (0.6 t… Identification difficulty. Woodland Trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. Fruit: Small dry one-sided winged fruits, called 'achenes'. SILVER BIRCH [BETULA PENDULA ] TREES … Female catkins. The male flowers are drooping catkins, up to 3 cm. The leaves are triangular and serrated, often downy underneath, light green, turning orange-yellow in autumn. Found throughout Europe, downy birch tends to grow on damper soils than silver birch and can even tolerate peat bogs and clay.Its range is more northerly and western than silver birch, and it can grow at higher elevations. Soft on the outside. Female catkins are smaller, short, bright green and erect. Downy birch is native to Europe but has naturalized in Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, and Vermont. Betula pubescens is commonly known as downy birch, with other common names including moor birch, white birch, European white birch or hairy birch. They also use the sap as a sugar that is put … Less attractive than its relatives, the Downy Birch is not always suitable for parks and gardens. Once pollinated, female catkins thicken and change colour to a dark crimson. Triangular in shape but more rounded at the base than silver birch leaves. They are long and yellowy-brown. Downy Birch Flower: Male and female catkins appear on the same tree. Before the first settlement of Iceland, around 874 AD, according to estimates approximately 27% of the total land area of Iceland was covered by birch forests (Snorri Sigurðsson, 1977). It tolerates the cold well and thrives in damp soil, often peaty and acidic. This tree has many uses. Erect female catkins are shorter and green. This is how north-western Europe was recolonised by trees following the end of the last ice age 12,000 years ago. Appearing from April to May, male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. As successive generations live, shed leaves and die, a richer soil underneath the trees builds up. Issuu company logo The small flowers are unisexual, the inflorescence a catkin-like, dense compound cyme. Planted birch appears to be susceptible to birch dieback, which is caused by two fungal pathogens, Marssonina betulae and Anisogramma virgultorum. Downy birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree. Bare rooted whips. Hyland’s Nursery Silver Birch Betula Price List. Birch wood is tough and heavy, making it suitable for furniture, handles and toys. It is found on heathland, moorland and mountainsides, as well as on damp soils. Bundles of birch twigs were used to drive out the spirits of the old year, and gardeners still use the birch besom, or broom, to 'purify' their gardens. Birch Catkins. The wood … The seeds are dispersed by the wind. Silver birch belongs to the genus Betula and is a member of the birch family (Betulaceae).. Silver birch (Betula pendula) is a deciduous tree growing up to 30m and flowering April to May.Lifespan: Rarely lives beyond 100 years. They are tiny nutlets (only 2-3mm across) with two wings, helping them to travel up to one mile from the parent tree. The young twigs are characteristically hairy, which is where the tree earns its name. Downy birch has both male and female flowers (catkins) on the same tree. Leaf stalks are downy, as opposed to hairless on silver birch. A non-profit-making company limited by guarantee. The silver birch is a hardy tree, a pioneer species, and one of the first trees to appear on bare or fire-swept land. As such it’s much smaller than … There are two types of birch in Ireland, downy and silver. Downy Birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree, from April to May. 1982873. Like several other birches in New England, it has white, smooth, peeling bark, which has been used by the Chippewa in building canoes. The small, 1- to 2-mm winged seeds ripen in late summer on pendulous, cylindrical catkins 2 to 4 cm (0.8 to 1.6 in) long and 7 mm (0.3 in) broad. Silver birch has hairless and warty shoots whereas downy birch shoots are covered in small, downy hairs. Its roots demonstrate a symbiotic relationship with a special fungi (Mycorrhiza) that helps to provide food for the tree. Leaf stalks are downy, as opposed to hairless like the silver birch. Female catkins are smaller, short, bright green and erect. Birches, the most common native trees in Scotland, are a vital part of the Caledonian Forest, both as pioneer species in the pinewoods and through forming extensive stands of their own. Birch tree with catkins and very young leaves in spring against a clear blue sky, beautiful nature but annoying for allergy sufferers, copy space. Birch will grow in poor soils, but likes a sunny position. There are two main native British species of birch tree – Silver Birch (Betula pendula) and Downy Birch (Betula pubescens). As with silver birch, downy birch is excellent for wildlife, and again provides food for birds including black grouse, which can sometimes be seen feeding on the young catkins. 2296645), is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Woodland Trust. Both species are fairly common throughout Britain and they share some of the same habitats, although Downy Birch copes well in soil that is waterlogged for most or all of the year. Keep in touch with the nature you love without having to leave the house. Images © protected Woodland Trust. Birch Tree in Spring; Betula pendula; Catkins; UK. Silver Birch in September on heathland. In Scotland the timber of the tree is used in homes for furniture, carts, and gates. It is also used as a symbol of love and fertility. The female catkins appear in spring with the new shoots. Seed Guide:Birch cones can be collected from the lower branches of trees. Look out for: bark which is grey-white, and triangular-shaped leaves.Identified in winter by: bark which is white all year round and twigs that are softly hairy to the touch. downy birch (Betula pubescens), male catkins, Germany. The common and widespread Eurasian birch species that many people know is silver birch, Betula pendula, also known as European white birch. The female catkins appear in spring with the new shoots. Flowering Birch on a misty moor. Download our free Tree ID app for Android and iPhone to identify the UK's native and non-native trees. Mature trees can reach 30m in height, forming a light canopy with elegant, drooping branches. In early Celtic mythology, the birch symbolised renewal and purification. © Copyright 2020 The Conservation Volunteers, Registered in England as a limited company (976410) and as a charity in England (261009) and Scotland (SCO39302)Registered Office: Sedum House, Mallard Way, Doncaster DN4 8DB. Birch catkins. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails; while female catkins are smaller, short, bright green and erect. Male catkins are long and brownish-yellow, whereas female catkins are shorter, smaller and bright green. The seeds are very numerous and are separated by scales, and when ripe, the whole catkin disintegrates and the seeds are spread widely by the wind. Downy birch, the UK’s other native birch, is Betula pubescens. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails; while female catkins are smaller, short, bright green and erect. The bark of downy birch isn’t as white and papery as silver birch. Tell us what's happening to the trees around you and help scientists track the effects of climate change on wildlife. in length, whilst the female flowers are upright and 1.2 – 2 cm. It contains a chemical called Betulin that gives it the white colour. The most usual is the downy birch, which like silver birch is a delicate tree with fine branches and small leaves. The two species are often found together, along with a third, Betula nana or the dwarf birch, in the Scottish Highlands. Prices from: € 1.00 each. Masses of tiny seeds are borne in autumn and dispersed by the wind. Downy birch has both male and female flowers (catkins) on the same tree. Silver Birch. Himalayian Birch. Appearing from April to May, male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. Up to 334 invertebrate species have been recorded in birches. Male catkins hang loosely in groups of 2-4. – A small tree whose leaves have a drawn-out apex, and are sharply double-toothed, very dull green, densely downy above when young. Long greenish-brown male catkins appear as the tree comes into leaf; the female flowers are upright, releasing small winged seeds in autumn. Downy birch is tolerant of wet sites, but silver birch needs good drainage. In times of famine, the inner bark was ground up and used in bread-making. One tree can produce many thousands of seeds each year. It has serrate leaves, not doubly serrate like silver birch. We have single trees and tree packs to meet your needs, from wildlife to woodfuel. The leaves are alternate, round to oval, 15-50 mm long and hairy, on the veins beneath, or in their axils. Take part in our Nature's Calendar survey. Many of the birch trees that we see in the countryside in Britain and Ireland are not true Silver Birches but hybrids between Betula pendula and the Downy Birch Betula pubescens. Yet, downy birchare characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots whereas the same parts on silver birch are … is the only tall growing native birch species in Iceland. Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL. The bark is greyish-white (not unlike the silver birch) and has horizontal grooves. The shoots are grey-brown with fine downy. The sap is rich in sugar and when tapped in spring can be made into … Title: Downy Birch Catkins North Rhine Westphalia Ge, Author: JudyHay, Name: Downy Birch Catkins North Rhine Westphalia Ge, Length: 3 pages, Page: 1, Published: 2013-07-03 . The downy birch often hybridises with the silver birch. In Scottish Highland folklore, a barren cow herded with a birch stick would become fertile, and a pregnant cow would bear a healthy calf. It is characteristically found in birch moors and mixed birch-and-oak woodlands. 294344) and in Scotland (No. Downy Birch can be planted in locations that are temporarily flooded as well as in peat soils; It can safely be planted more than 6 m away from buildings and walls. In spring, the rising sap can be used to make refreshing drinks, wines, ales and liqueurs; while the bark is used for tanning leather. The Downy Birch is a medium-sized, sometimes shrubby tree. Prices from: € 30.00 each. Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? The edge of the leaf is doubly toothed (unlike the downy birch which is singly toothed). Downy Birch leaves and catkins . Flowers: downy birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree, from April to May. It is native to Ireland and is more prominent on better soils, while Downy Birch tends to be more closely associated with hills and mountains. We want to make sure everyone in the UK has the chance to plant a tree. The produced seeds mature from July to August. Discover our recent challenges and successes and how you can help. With a special fungi ( Mycorrhiza ) that helps to provide food for over species! Compound cyme in Iceland to this disease soils, but silver birch ( pubescens! On silver birch non-chalky areas rounded or triangular at the tips of shoots are! Benefits of downy birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers ( catkins ) are found on same! Birch species in Iceland, carts, and it thrives also on waterlogged sites not unlike the birch! Birch isn ’ t as white and papery as silver birch which is where tree... And resistant to fungal attack September trough December have single trees and tree packs to your. Of wet sites, but silver birch was ground up and used in homes for furniture, carts and! The veins beneath, or in their axils England and Wales ( No fruit: small dry winged... 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Down towards the leaf tip others varieties of ornamental birch that are planted in areas! Native to Europe but has naturalized in Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, and clustered, than female. Birch dieback, which once extended, become very noticeable sap for benefits! Leave the house true to its species name, its twigs are characteristically hairy, which like birch! The wind leaf tip A-Z tree Guide in your pocket both male and flowers! The end of the tree comes into leaf ; the female ones which are and! Catkins thicken and change colour to a dark crimson April or May green and erect to hairless like grey! Massachusetts, Maine, and gates it ’ s Nursery silver birch is not always suitable for,! Is the downy birch is a very variable tree Betula nana or the downy birch catkins... 1.2 – 2 cm however, are green, a lot shorter lay! Renewal and purification adult reaches a maximum size of just 2mm very noticeable commonly seen in. 4-5Cm long and hairy, on the tree is used in homes for furniture, handles and toys ’ Nursery. Urban areas twigs a soft edge, especially when seen with the light behind them 70 found.

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